in Russia has played an important role since the ancient times giving
people food and clothing. And fur trading remained the main activity of
the inhabitants of Siberia and the Far East in Russia till the end of
the 19th century.
The fur trade in
The USSR produced more than 150 million pelts annually. In the 60s-70s
the range of manufactured furs increased by more than a hundred sorts.
The USSR had the widest selection and highest quality of the fur in the
Today trade fur is still an
important part of Russian exports. The legislation that regulates the
trade was worked out with care only in the Soviet years. The modern
laws that regulate the fur trade are additional and specified.
the hunting trade is being regulated by a few federal laws and
government decrees, which were agreed upon and ratified in the State
Duma. There is a federal law about weapons, that regulates the types
and sale of hunting weapons, a law about the objects of the animal
kingdom, and a law about the distribution of hunting permits etc. To
this list belong the laws and decrees which are passed at regional
levels of the constituent territories of The Russian Federation and
which decide the hunting seasons for specific kinds of fur-bearing
animals - as does The Red Book (the list of the endangered species,
which are not to be hunted).
is first and foremost interference with nature and that.s why it
demands special responsibility and special knowledge on the part of the
hunter. Hunting is the right of every human being, but according to the
Russian federal legislation one has to go through several formalities
in order to get this right, the first of them is the purchasing of a
hunting ticket. This document gives a hunter the right to have a
hunting gun and to get licenses for hunting licensed breeds of animals.
The hunting ticket allows one to get permits for specific locations on
moors for a specific kind of hunting.
hunting order - the lists of animals and their hunting period are
defined in the federal legislation. But usually before every hunting
season they are clarified by the respective local authorities.
The hunting season for fur-bearing animals
Sable, mink (European, American), Japanese mink, squirrel (ordinary,
flying squirrel), lynx, wolverine, Indian marten, wild cat (wood, reed)
- from the 15th of October till the 28th (29th) of October.
Marten (forest, stone), weasel, Arctic fox, polecat (forest, steppe),
dog fox, weasel, common raccoon - from the 1st of November (the 15th of
October) till the 28th (29th) of February.
· Beaver (European, Canadian)-from the 1st of October till the 28th (29th) of February.
· Otter, raccoon dog-from the 1st of October till the 28th (29th) of February,
· Fox-from the 15th of September till the 28th (29th) of February,
· Musk beaver-from the 15th of September till the 15th of March,
Chipmunk-from the 15th of March till the 30th of April and from the
15th of August till the 30th of October. (the end of the section)
management of hunt-farming is strictly under the regulation of the
federal and regional legislative levels. These rules, which are common
for all hunters, are made so that the interference should not produce
damage to the environment. There are high-level schools and
middle-level schools, where hunt-farming experts get an education. They
try hard to restore the stock of many kinds of hunt animals. And so,
for example they have managed to restore the sable and beaver livestock
and have brought and introduced raccoon and American mink from Finland
Trade animalsSableSquirrelWeaselSiberian weaselEuropean minkMartenLynxRaccoonBeaverMusk-rat