|17 января 2018, 23:17|
|Printed out from http://www.sojuzpushnina.ru/en/s/65/|
Hunting in Russia has played an important role since the ancient times giving people food and clothing. And fur trading remained the main activity of the inhabitants of Siberia and the Far East in Russia till the end of the 19th century.
The fur trade in The USSR produced more than 150 million pelts annually. In the 60s-70s the range of manufactured furs increased by more than a hundred sorts. The USSR had the widest selection and highest quality of the fur in the world.
Today trade fur is still an important part of Russian exports. The legislation that regulates the trade was worked out with care only in the Soviet years. The modern laws that regulate the fur trade are additional and specified.
Today the hunting trade is being regulated by a few federal laws and government decrees, which were agreed upon and ratified in the State Duma. There is a federal law about weapons, that regulates the types and sale of hunting weapons, a law about the objects of the animal kingdom, and a law about the distribution of hunting permits etc. To this list belong the laws and decrees which are passed at regional levels of the constituent territories of The Russian Federation and which decide the hunting seasons for specific kinds of fur-bearing animals - as does The Red Book (the list of the endangered species, which are not to be hunted).
Hunting is first and foremost interference with nature and that.s why it demands special responsibility and special knowledge on the part of the hunter. Hunting is the right of every human being, but according to the Russian federal legislation one has to go through several formalities in order to get this right, the first of them is the purchasing of a hunting ticket. This document gives a hunter the right to have a hunting gun and to get licenses for hunting licensed breeds of animals. The hunting ticket allows one to get permits for specific locations on moors for a specific kind of hunting.
The hunting order - the lists of animals and their hunting period are defined in the federal legislation. But usually before every hunting season they are clarified by the respective local authorities.
The hunting season for fur-bearing animals
· Sable, mink (European, American), Japanese mink, squirrel (ordinary, flying squirrel), lynx, wolverine, Indian marten, wild cat (wood, reed) - from the 15th of October till the 28th (29th) of October.
· Marten (forest, stone), weasel, Arctic fox, polecat (forest, steppe), dog fox, weasel, common raccoon - from the 1st of November (the 15th of October) till the 28th (29th) of February.
· Beaver (European, Canadian)-from the 1st of October till the 28th (29th) of February.
· Otter, raccoon dog-from the 1st of October till the 28th (29th) of February,
· Fox-from the 15th of September till the 28th (29th) of February,
· Musk beaver-from the 15th of September till the 15th of March,
· Chipmunk-from the 15th of March till the 30th of April and from the 15th of August till the 30th of October. (the end of the section)
The management of hunt-farming is strictly under the regulation of the federal and regional legislative levels. These rules, which are common for all hunters, are made so that the interference should not produce damage to the environment. There are high-level schools and middle-level schools, where hunt-farming experts get an education. They try hard to restore the stock of many kinds of hunt animals. And so, for example they have managed to restore the sable and beaver livestock and have brought and introduced raccoon and American mink from Finland and America.