is worn everywhere. In hot countries it is a luxury and prestige
product and in cold ones it is also an item of daily necessity. That"s
why, inspite of the protests of the "greens" and the achievements of
the textile and chemical industries, furs were worn, are worn, and will
be worn. The unique thing about this product is that up to 95% of it is
being sold at auctions. The high level of organization in this trade
makes fur a very attractive product for outside investors, among whom
readers of our magazine can be found.
are pelts from more than 100 different varieties of animals, which are
used in the fur industry. This is why the fate of many kinds of animals
with beautiful fur is extremely tragic. Some of them have vanished from
the surface of the Earth and others are almost extinct and appear in
The Red Book.
But, in some cases animals that were almost completely hunted to extinction by humans, were saved.
example, the Silver-black Fox was almost extinct in Canada by 1890 and
the price for one of its pelts went up to $4500. The high price
stimulated artificial breeding of these animals, the result of which
was a sale of the first pelt for $2718 at the London fur auction in
1901. The animal was saved but the price on its fur has never reached
the former level.
development of fur-farming, especially in the first quarter of the
twentieth century allowed not only the preservation of some animal
species but also made it possible to raise a larger quantity of animals
with valuable fur in captivity.
history of chinchilla breeding is very interesting and its pelts are
considered to be those of the third millennium. In the 19th
century chinchilla became extremely popular. Its sale exceeded all
reasonable limits, but until 1917 the enormous demand couldn"t be met
by supply. Then they started breeding chinchillas at special farms.
in the beginning the artificial breeding of an animal was a struggle
for the reservation of a species and the enlargement of the stock, in
the end it has become a very profitable business. Many people started
out in this business, but not everybody paid due attention to the
quality of the fur. As a result, in 1954 at the auction in New-York,
where the first auction of artificially bred chinchilla took place,
they didn"t sell more than half of the goods because of their low fur
quality. The prospectors left the business and those who stayed paid
attention to the production of quality fur. And soon chinchilla
breeding became profitable again.
worth saying that in fur-farming, the sale of the young of a breed is
often more profitable than fur production. For example, in the
1930-1950s a pair of breed chinchillas cost thousands of dollars. They
tried to breed chinchilla in The USSR in the 1960s, but this program
because we had plenty of our own animals with valuable fur. But, now
the breeding of chinchillas is considered to be profitable and to have
a great future in the countries of The CIS, if for no other reason than
that the internal market for chinchilla-fur goods promises to be
is the one of the most important branches of the fur industry; it
successfully combines environmental protection with profitable
business. It"s impossible to imagine the fur industry now without it.
In 2000, 27.1 million mink pelts and 4.0 million fox and Arctic fox
were produced world-wide - the basic types of farmed fur. Now, the
basic scale of world trade in farmed fur as a raw material comes to
about $1 billion.
The currency speculator (Moscow).- 17.02.2003 // Ludmila Bobrik